Liquefied Carbon Dioxide Gas
Jacob Baur of Chicago
founded the Liquid Carbonic Acid Manufacturing Company, the first
American firm to produce liquefied carbon dioxide in cylinders.
This liquid gas bubbled thru a water mist until it became
dissolved. Bottlers were
slow to accept Baur’s process for economic reasons.
Carbon dioxide produced with acid and marble dust cost only
one-third of Liquid Carbonic’s product.
Likewise, bottled carbon dioxide could not be used with old
generators, requiring bottlers to replace generators that were still
By 1900, at least ten different firms were producing a
million pounds of liquefied carbon dioxide annually, and generators were
considered outdated. By
that time, Liquid Carbonic had offices in seven cities and had expanded
into the marketing of extracts.