Arthur Christin Bottle Stopper

U.S. Patent Number: 161,863                      Patented: April 13, 1875

Arthur Christin’s patent application was filed December 21, 1874 and specified:

I, Arthur Christin, of Chicago…Illinois, have invented an Improvement in Bottle-Stoppers…the nature of my invention relates to an improvement in bottle-stoppers of that class that are more especially intended to be used in bottles containing mineral waters and other gaseous fluids under pressure; and it consists in a tapered glass stopper of such length that it cannot turn in the bottle, in combination with a rubber, cork, or other ring expanded into a recess in the neck of the bottle, the said stopper having a socket formed in each side of its upper or smaller end, to enable it to be grasped by a pair of tongs while the bottle is being filled.

Figure 1 is a vertical section of a mineral-water bottle fitted with my improved stop and collar.  Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the neck and stopper.

In the drawing, A represents a bottle an annular groove or recess molded in its neck to receive an annular collar, a, of India-rubber, cork, or other suitable material, which can be expanded into it.  B is a tapered glass stopper, of such length that it cannot turn in the bottle, and which is to be inserted before the collar a.  The top of the stopper has a pair of sockets, b, molded in its top, on opposite sides, or a mold may be molded entirely through, to receive the lower ends of a pair of tongs to hold it up while the bottle is being filled, drawing the stopper into the collar when the bottle is full, after which the internal pressure forces the stopper farther into said collar, and thus prevents leakage.  To open the bottle, it should be reversed, and the stopper pushed inwardly.


Despite obvious similarities between this patent and John Matthews’ Gravitating Stopper, the U.S. Patent Office approved Christin’s “improvements.”  Arthur Christin utilized his stopper at his own Chicago bottling plant until converting to bottles utilizing Hutchinson’s Patent Spring Stopper in the early 1880s.  Christin achieved very limited marketing success with his closure, with only a handful of bottlers in Alabama, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Michigan, New York, and Wisconsin known to have used his stopper.  It is easy to differentiate between Christin and Hutchinson bottles because of the large, horizontal groove in the mouth of the Christin bottles.